Web Developer: Job Description, Key Skills, and Salary

Web developers are defined as tech professional who is responsible for developing websites and applications hosted on the Internet, usually working closely with an artist or product manager to translate design and programming ideas into web-friendly code. This article describes web developers’ responsibilities and roles, what skills they need, and their salary expectations for 2022.

What Does a Web Developer Do? Roles and Responsibilities

Web developers are professionals in the technology field responsible for creating websites and applications hosted on the web, generally working closely with an artist or product manager in translating the logic of programming and design concepts into web-friendly code.

Web developers are professional who is skilled in the design and development of websites. They ensure that websites meet customers’ needs by providing they look beautiful, operate smoothly, and have rapid entry points without problems loading or error messages.

A web developer is responsible for the code of a website’s layout, design, and style. Because the job focuses on the user experience and its functionality, visual design and abilities in programming (like COBOL) are required. Once a website is created, a web developer will usually assist with the maintenance and upkeep of the site.

The demand for digital marketing is increasing as more businesses plan to sell their products and services on the Internet. However, not all companies have met their goals in digital marketing. A website with an appearance that is five years out of date is unlikely to draw the attention of today’s internet users.

The most reputable gamers are aware of and regularly modify their websites to offer the most current experience. Small and mid-sized entrepreneurs’ high interest in building digital websites and the necessity to update outdated technology is propelling the market for web development to new levels.

It is estimated that the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) estimates that the demand for Web developers’ skills will rise by 8 percent between 2019 to 2029, which is more than the average for all jobs.

The different roles of web developers

Full-stack web developers, Front-end web developers, and back-end web developers are just a few of the crucial jobs to be considered in this direction:

  • Developer of back-end websites Web developers who work back-end writes codes for server-side systems and services that, when paired with front-end technology, help to create an efficient, customized response to an end-users need for a site. Back-end web developers are professionals who are specialists in server-side scripting languages.
  • Front-end Web Developer Front-end designers are programmers who concentrate on the site’s structure and layout. They create a balanced combination of web design’s graphic functional, aesthetic, and functional components to ensure the highest performance on all platforms.
  • Full-stack Developer: Web developers who are full stacks of code are specialists in front-end and back-end programming. Because of their expertise in both technologies, full-stack developers are among the top-paid experts in the field of web development.

Whatever the description of a web developer’s job (front-end or back-end full-stack), Developers interested in becoming a web developer can choose between two career paths. You can seek paid positions with organizations or as a freelance web developer based on your personal preferences.

Experts in online development with extensive experience usually design, develop and optimize web applications and websites from start to end. They are knowledgeable about SEO (Search Engine Optimization) best practices, programming languages used in web development, and vast knowledge. Most often, senior web developers manage teams comprised of junior engineers.

Web developer

In general, a web developer is responsible for the following tasks:

1. Programming the website (and not using tools that do not code)

The main objective of web developers is to write code that will create websites. They should employ a variety of methods and tools for programming to produce high-quality output. Additionally, they must adhere to current web development standards and ethical guidelines. Developers must create an understandable, reusable coding environment that is easy to modify or test. In addition, they should frequently change the Software to maintain an encapsulated programming framework.

2. The website is being tested before its deployment, and then regularly checking the website

Developers should regularly check their websites for flaws in the early stages. Before releasing their Software, they must check the code for any potential defects. Testing thoroughly will help avoid any future problems. To ensure compliance with the guidelines in place and met, they also need regular input from customers and customers.

3. Troubleshooting the code on the website

Websites are prone to errors when the code can’t provide visitors with the necessary functionality. After identifying the issue, a web developer can optimize the code to boost performance. Regular testing and verification of the code ensure that it works as intended and that the website is functional. The ability to spot the source of errors, analyze them, and eliminate them can enhance the user experience and encourage business growth.

4. Assisting in the maintenance of the website and the client or organization with updates to their website

To ensure that customers are satisfied, A website must be responsive promptly. If a website is not responsive, users will be less likely to visit it in the future. Thus, developers of websites must ensure that all functions work. This means spreading updates to ensure the site’s functioning. They should make sure that all security protocols are in place and immediately detect any anomalies.

5. Working with designers to comprehend and implement their vision

Web developers collaborate with artistic experts and designers to produce the visual effects they want for a site. This aspect is part of the web design process and crucial to developing a responsive product. Web developers interact with the designers to ensure the design can implement critical features and functions. The goal is to create an unifying theme across the web’s pages.

The principal area of work that the graphic designer has is the curating of the website’s visuals and brand. But, the web developer creates the code that allows the visual components to work. Thus, they must work effectively and efficiently, benefiting from each other’s ideas.

6. Connecting to the database and maintaining connections

Since almost all Software processes massive data, managing databases is crucial. The program’s offline use demands data synchronization with internal memory and the remote database. This is the reason mobile developers need to know about databases. SQLite is vital for mobile coding since it saves data for a duration.

7. Ensuring responsive design

A responsive site seamlessly adjusts to different sizes of screens, which includes those of smartphones, tablets, and desktop computers. This method uses a combination of flexible layouts, grids, media, and intelligent code to ensure that website pages are scalable to fit different screen sizes.

Websites may look damaged if the design isn’t adaptable, which can affect the website’s quantity of visitors. Ensuring your website is responsive design could play an essential aspect in web development since it enhances the user experience, thus increasing conversion rates.

Beyond these essential obligations, additional responsibilities might include:

  • Design specifications and their organization
  • Learning, developing, and testing security features for web applications features
  • Knowing HTML, CSS, PHP, and many other coding languages
  • Working with images
  • Maintaining software documentation
  • Maintaining an understanding of technology
  • Initiating backup procedures in case the website goes down

In simple terms, web developers are the ones responsible for making as well as maintaining sites. In general, they are working on code languages such as HTML5 that are used by numerous mobile devices and maintain the web site’s technical components, including the ability to handle traffic without crashing.

Web developers are accountable for designing and operation of websites. They communicate with visual and online designers. Study website traffic, deal with problems, and update websites when needed. The day-to-day activities of web developers vary based on work, industry, and task. Most often, developers must interact with clients, create web-based layouts, write code that allows their websites’ functionality, and create or add graphic or verbal content to the regulation framework.

Web Developer Key Skill Requirements in 2022

A stunning portfolio and a thorough understanding of HTML can set you up for success as a web developer. But, there are additional attributes that can help you improve your career prospects and help you achieve success in the field of web development:

Skills that are hard to acquire, such as expertise in programming languages

Coding is among the most essential skills needed by web developers. Those who develop it should be proficient in a variety of different programming languages mentioned below:

    • Cascading Style Sheets (CSS): Web developers utilize CSS to control the appearance of website components across multiple pages. CSS language can affect the appearance of fonts and colors, the spacing between elements, and the size of features.
    • PHPThis is a server-side scripting programming language utilized for web-based CMSs, HTML code, web templates, and web-based frameworks. Web developers frequently use PHP for server scripting to specify how websites respond to user activity.
    • HTML5:HTML5 is the most up-to-date edition of the HTML standard, the markup language used to give order to web content. Web developers utilize HTML5 to decide how to organize text, such as paragraph lists, headers and lists hyperlinks, and other categories of elements.
    • JavaScript: JavaScript is the principal programming language used and designed for web-based interactive pages. It is utilized on the majority of modern websites. Web developers employ JavaScript to make websites come to “life” by controlling actions like dynamic loading. The language also defines the reaction of an element in response to the user’s click, which allows an unlimited variety of options for interaction.

Furthermore, web developers should demonstrate proficiency with frameworks such as ASP.NET and Angular.js. ASP.NET is an open-source framework that gives web developers the tools and resources to build dynamic apps, websites, and other services. Although many different internet-based application architectures exist, web developers typically opt for ASP.NET as the most widely used standard.

ASP.NET is the completely accessible industry-standard framework for applications Angular.js. Google and its community of users manage this application. Because of its JavaScript base, most web developers use Angular.js to change a website’s entire front end.

Analytical thinking and a logical method of solving issues

Programming languages work by following guidelines and definitions. If you’re naturally skilled at resolving problems rationally, you will master these languages much quicker. As you experience them in action, you’ll develop an ability to deconstruct statements into their essential elements and anticipate logical outcomes. Web developers that manage multiple jobs and initiatives, timelines and costs, and workflow management will significantly benefit from using logically-based methods to organize their work.

Aesthetics and creativity

Developers are responsible for creating the most beautiful end-user solutions. When you take on more complex tasks, you’ll find that there’s rarely one solution to the problem: there are many avenues to take, and it’s an ability to imagine how each one would work. Additionally, having a solid aesthetic sense is crucial when working with designers since it can help visualize how the final web-based product will appear like.

Being curious and an instant learner

In turn, web developers need to keep updated with the latest developments in programming languages, web development software, and trends in the industry. Even those with advanced studies in computer science must undergo continuous skill improvement to stay in the game. There’s often a correlation between the capacity to learn and technical competence, which results in a higher salary. Being a successful developer will require a commitment to continuous education, which is beneficial for most of those working in the field.

Experience with versions control systems such as Git

A web developer can utilize the model of control for versioning to manage and monitor changes to code and shifts. Git is an excellent example of a mechanism for managing code versions, which allows rapid error detection and correction. It lets you note the modifications you’ve made to the code so that you can review it before making any changes. This is vital for web developers working full stack under tight deadlines.

Search engine optimization (SEO) skills

Many clients prefer independent web developers who work with and are knowledgeable about the fundamentals of SEO. A website with a good SEO score higher in search results attracts more people. SEO is an essential ability for web designers since clients generally want to increase traffic to their sites.

Attention to detail, communication, and other soft abilities

Even the slightest mistake could cause an error code of 404. Programmers are taught to read their code often to look for errors and determine their efficiency. It takes patience, intense concentration, and the ability to look at the work differently.

Communication is another aspect of development in soft skills that is essential for this position. Whether you’re part of an engineering department with a lot of staff or a person, you’ll have to work with various people involved in the project. You must be open to suggestions from clients, designers, and other team members and be able to communicate across any barriers that might arise. Available communication channels result in a better final product and allow you to grow as an engineer.

Web Developer Salary in 2022

The median annual pay for web developers in the United States is $104,080, according to the data from Glassdoor (as of September 15th, 2022). Various factors, including the level of experience, location, cost of living, and knowledge levels, could influence the amount of money you earn. New web developers are generally paid less than experts with years of experience, and those with more qualifications or certificates make more.

Professional Certificates and an associate’s degree let you develop your skills in programming and prove your knowledge. A bachelor’s degree is optional to be a web developer. However, those with postsecondary degrees typically have higher earnings. Furthermore, certain companies might be looking for web developers with degrees in engineering or computer science.

Web developers with bachelor’s degrees could earn additional income in managerial positions. Based on the BLS, Computer sciences and IT system managers have median annual earnings of $159,010 when they begin working as Web developers. Alongside education and experience, a person’s age is an additional aspect that influences the salary of web developers. Glassdoor estimates the following total average amount of compensation for three different levels of knowledge:

  • Web developer at entry level with three to five years of experience, An average salary of $111,946
  • Web developer intermediate with less than seven years of experience: A average wage of $113,927
  • Web Developer Senior with more than ten years of experience: $116,767 in compensation on an average

Since almost every industry requires an online presence to be profitable, Web developers can find jobs in various fields. However, some companies tend to hire more web designers than others. Additionally, the pay could differ depending on the sector. Computer design and development, unified communications publishing, administration, scientific and technological consulting services, advertising, branding, and public relations are among the most frequently employed areas.


Web development is one of the most important aspects of running a business. Every business requires websites to establish an online presence. However, some (like the e-commerce industry) operate online, while others offer essential services through web-based applications, like Software as a Service (SaaS) companies. So, the demand for Web developers will continue to rise in the coming decades, and new technology such as web3 will make skilled web developers more sought-after than ever.

Leave a reply